Factors Influencing The Election Of Female Candidates For Legislative Councils In Bali In 2019

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Luh Riniti Rahayu Putu Surya Wedra Lesmana Sri Sulandari


The Reformation era began in 1998 In Indonesia, and in 2004 direct elections were implemented for the first time. Affirmative action to boost 30% of female candidates for the legislative bodies was accommodated in law No.12 year 2003 on elections. Until 2019, direct elections have been held four times, but so far the target of 30% has not been reached anywhere. Bali is one of the provinces in Indonesia with the lowest percentage of women elected: 4,5%, 7,5%, and 7,3% in 2004, 2009 and 2014. However, in 2019, the percentage rose nearly twofold, to 13,87%. This paper discusses the factors influencing this increase. The results of research suing a qualitative method show that the increase is due to: 1) The Regulations of the General Election Committee stipulating that political parties are obliged to put 30% women on the list of candidates thereby strengthening affirmative action; 2) Replacement of the Quote Harre system on division of seats by the Sainte League system; 3) The candidature of Joko Widodo backed by the PDIP party and its coalition. It is advised to strengthen the capacity of elected Balinese women, so they can fulfill their duties as representatives of the people in Bali.

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RINITI RAHAYU, Luh; SURYA WEDRA LESMANA, Putu; SULANDARI, Sri. Factors Influencing The Election Of Female Candidates For Legislative Councils In Bali In 2019. International Conference on Law and Social Sciences and Education, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 186-193, dec. 2019. Available at: <https://eproceeding.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/ICLSSE/article/view/1929>. Date accessed: 11 apr. 2021.


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