IDEOLOGIES CONSTRUCTEDIN PUBLIC POLICY DISCOURSE: READING CRITICALLY THE POLICY DISCOURSE OF CURRICULUM 2013 IN INDONESIA
This study aimed to describe and explain a form of ideology which was constructed by the
policy makers in public discourse. This study was designed qualitatively and it employed the
critical discourse analysis model by Fairclough. There were nine newspaper articles chosen
as the data. All of them were written by the policy makers of curriculum 2013 in Indonesia.
The data was collected through an observation using read-quote technique. The data was
analyzed by applying Creswell spiral model which consists of some steps as follows: (1)
organizing, (2) describing and classifying, (3) interpreting, and (4) visualizing. Results of the
study revealed that the policy makers constructed various ideologies to create public
perception. The ideologies comprise that; (1) the old policy was an unsuccessful effort, (2)
the old policy contained errors, (3) the new policy is a new solution to the future, (4) the new
policy will serve excellence, (5) the new policy will meet the needs, (6) the new policy
success depends on public support, (7) the limitation of the new policy is acceptable. Based
on the results, it can be concluded that the public policy texts were strongly related to the
ideology practice and power. The policy makers controlled the published discourse through
distinguished language features.