Fundamental Motor Skills Based on Games for Children with Moderate Mental Disabilities
This research focused on 1) developing a teaching model for fundamental motor skills based on games for children with moderate mental disabilities and 2) obtaining empirical data about the effectiveness of the results of this model. This is a research and development project. The sample for this research consisted of children with moderate mental disabilities from three primary schools in Palembang, Indonesia: SD SLBC Karya Ibu, SD SLBC YPAC, and SD SLBB Pembina.The results of this study showed that there were 88 basic motor skill variants that need to be taught. The results of the small group test of this model showed the product produced can already be applied by children with moderate mental disabilities, however, they still need guidance. The results of the large scale tests showed that this product can be used, but with the instruction of a teacher. Finally, effectiveness tests showed that there was significant improvement in motor skill abilities (locomotive, non-locomotive, and manipulative) in children with moderate mental disabilities. Based on this research, it is evident that this product can be fruitfully used as a method to increase fundamental motor skills ability in children with moderate mental disabilities.