Vitamin D and Obesity
Obesity is a multifactorial disease, which occurs due to excessive accumulation of fat tissue, so that it can interfere with health. Obesity can increase the risk of illness in chronic diseasesand increase the risk of death. Until now the prevention and treatment of obesity are still being carried out by the government. Several studies mention the influence of micronutrient deficiency, namely vitamin D deficiency in obesity. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that has a general role in the bone and muscle system, maintaining calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. A meta-analysis conducted by Rafiq, concluded that Vitamin D deficiency was associated with an increase in BMI. Meanwhile, it is still debatable, whether vitamin D deficiency causes obesity, or obesity causes vitamin D deficiency. Many studies have found a significant relationship between vitamin D deficiency and obesity, but the other studies did not get a significant relationship.